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Mobilising Efforts to Reduce Deforestation for Water, Energy and Food Security in Indonesia

This project examined how Indonesia might transition away from a ‘business as usual’ development model to achieve its water, energy and food security goals without further deforestation. In doing so, it identified opportunities and challenges for coordinated development strategies that recognise and account for the true value of natural resources, their ecosystem services and the inherent resource trade-offs in various sectors of the economy.

Using a water-energy-food (WEF) nexus approach, we conducted a series of studies in Aceh province to explore some of the challenges the government was facing in meeting the goals of their medium-term development plan (RPJMN) and preventing further environmental degradation. The studies highlighted the value of a WEF approach in supporting coherent cross-sectoral coordination needed to establish plans and targets that are well aligned and do not damage the forest ecosystem services underpinning an agricultural economy.

Ultimately, through the project, we were able to accomplish the following:

  • Understand the role of forests and their ecosystem services in supporting WEF security. This included an in-depth study on understanding the links between deforestation and flooding in Aceh province;
  • identify and evaluate resource trade-offs and synergies across different sectoral targets, e.g. with finite agricultural land area, improvements in productivity may not be sufficient to achieve self-sufficiency in multiple food crops and palm oil production targets;
  • assess opportunities to improve coordination between and within different sectors and scales in balancing environmental protection and economic prosperity. This included assessing how Indonesia’s governance frameworks facilitate or hinder cross-sector coordination and lessons from REDD+, which Indonesia has pursued since 2007.

Other Details

Start Date:03/01/2015
End Date:01/31/2017
Funded by:DFID, DGIS
Supplier(s):Global Canopy Programme, Wildlife Conservation Society


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