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Mobilising Efforts To Reduce Deforestation For Water, Energy And Food Security In Indonesia

This project examines how Indonesia can transition away from its current ‘business as usual’ development model and achieve its water, energy and food security goals without further deforestation. In doing so, it identifies opportunities and challenges for the necessary coordinated development strategies that recognise and account for the true value of natural resources, their ecosystem services, and the inherent resource trade-offs between sectors.


The project uses a water-energy-food (WEF) nexus approach to:

  • 1. Understand the role of forests and their ecosystem services in supporting water, energy and food security. This includes an in-depth study on understanding the links between deforestation and flooding in Aceh.
  • 2. Identify and evaluate resource trade-offs and synergies across different sector targets. For example, with finite agricultural land area, improvements in productivity may not be sufficient to achieve self-sufficiency in multiple food crops and oil palm production targets.
  • 3. Assess opportunities to improve coordination between and within different sectors and scales in balancing environmental protection and economic prosperity. This includes assessing how Indonesia’s existing governance frameworks facilitate or hinder cross-sector coordination and lessons from REDD+ , a climate mitigation strategy focused on reducing deforestation and degradation that Indonesia has pursued since 2007.


  • A series of studies were undertaken in Aceh to explore some the challenges facing the province, as they work towards meeting the goals of the medium-term development plan (RPJMN) without further environmental degradation.
  • The studies highlight the value of a WEF approach in supporting coherent cross-sectoral coordination that is needed to establish plans and targets that are well aligned and do not damage the forest ecosystem services which underpin Aceh’s agricultural economy.

Other Details

Start Date:03/01/2015
End Date:01/31/2017
Funded by:DFID, DGIS
Supplier(s):Global Canopy Programme, Wildlife Conservation Society


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