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Climate change: addressing heat-health vulnerability in rapidly urbanising regions of Western India
In 2010 the capital city of India’s Gujrat State experienced a heatwave which prompted the city’s municipal government to devise a strategy to mitigate the impact of the extreme weather event which claimed around 1300 lives.
- The project team through research and group interviews identified local health risks and outlined the groups with the greatest vulnerability to climate change induced extreme heat. This helped to increase the awareness and understanding of the municipal government regarding the risks associated with extreme heat and with the help of the project team, they charted out a set of risk reduction strategies which were codified into the Ahmedabad Heat Action Plan of 2013.
- The team supported officials to develop an innovative set of risk reduction strategies, including an early heat-health warning system, set out in the Ahmedabad Heat Action Plan 2013: Guide to extreme heat planning in Ahmedabad, India.
- Building public awareness on the risks of heat waves and practices to prevent heat-related illnesses.
- Initiating a simple early-warning system to alert residents and coordinate an inter-agency emergency response effort before and when heat waves hit.
- Building capacity among medical and community healthcare professionals to recognise and respond to heat-related illnesses.
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