Sheltering from a Gathering Storm
This project explored the costs and benefits of climate resilient housing designs in rapidly growing urban locations in Da Nang (Vietnam), Gorakhpur (India), and Rawalpindi, Faisalabad, and Multan (Pakistan). Each of these cities face a key climate hazard that impacts the livelihoods of poor and vulnerable populations.
To test the hypothesis that climate-resilient shelter designs have a positive benefit to cost ratio accruing to vulnerable populations over the 30 year design life of most shelter investments.
Key messages resulting from this research are that:
- Resilient housing designs can cost-effectively reduce losses by vulnerable communities due to floods, storms, and high peak daily temperature events.
- Access to affordable resilient housing designs and the funding required to implement them is especially important to the poor and near-poor who have access to land and housing.
- Simple, low-cost design features such as those identified through Resilient Housing Design Competitions can significantly reduce losses from climate risks.
- Qualitative and quantitative analyses of investments in climate-resilient designs show high benefit-cost ratios under a range of climate scenarios.
- Access to affordable financing coupled with awareness and training of builders are the primary barriers vulnerable populations face in accessing climate resilient designs.
- While shelter designs can reduce the impact of extreme storms and floods, the ability to address increases in temperature through shelter design changes alone is limited.
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