The overall objective of this project is to carry out the Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review (CPEIR) for Pakistan covering the Federal government and all the provinces including the regions of AJK, GB and FATA.
While a partial CPEIR – comprising of the Federal and KP governments was completed in May 2015 - LEAD Pakistan, in partnership with UNDP, is involved in coordinating the CPEIR 2016 which has been expanded to include Balochistan, Sindh and Punjab in addition to updating the earlier CPEIRs of the Federal and KP governments.
The study aims at finding out climate change relevant spending in projects related to various provincial departments and federal ministries. The study looks into budget allocation of public funds assessing to what extent Pakistan is spending on projects and initiatives that directly or indirectly help tackle Climate Change. The study also looks into the relevant institutional set up and policy frameworks that guide these investments and recurrent expenses.
This project has three key pillars: Policy Analysis, Institutional Analysis and Climate Public Expenditure Analysis. It would involve an analysis of the climate change policy framework and the monitoring framework of the three provinces of Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan.
An institutional analysis of the roles and responsibilities of the institutions and their capacities in formulating, implementing and coordinating climate responses will be carried out. In addition, a review of the budgetary and planning process and its linkage to financing climate change policies and programmes (adaptation and mitigation) will be carried out.
In the climate public expenditure analysis, quantification of the climate relevant expenditure will be carried out from the national budget along-with measuring fiscal policies such as tax incentives and subsidies, as part of climate financing instruments.