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Statement on the UN Advisory Group on Climate Change Financing (AGF) Report

Why AGF Report Fails to Meet Expectations from G-77 Countries:
A comment from Pakistan

November 06, 2010

Developing Countries like Pakistan will need to accept or reject the AGF report, formally released yesterday on 5 November, 2010. While there are several important elements in the report worth exploring in further detail, we believe the main thrust of the report is based on the premise that negates the principles already negotiated and agreed upon.

We are pleased to share our initial reactions. A more detailed comment will follow and will be ready for circulation before COP 16 in Cancun.

  1. The whole issue of climate finance has to be viewed through the dual spectrum of NEEDS (Supporting Low carbon development + Meeting unavoidable adaptation requirements) as well as BASIS (Common but differentiated responsibilities and Polluter pays principle). These both need to be kept in mind as the secondary debate sometimes shifts focus from due compensation to forced taxation.

  2. Also we need to remember that, the unfortunate fact is that there are a number of existing funds already announced but yet "unfunded" under the UNFCCC - LDC, SCC and Adaptation Fund (the only fund which got some resources was through indirect taxation on the CDM - so the developing countries were in fact paying for it through the proceeds they lost in the CDM).

  3. The Copenhagen pledges have, somehow, formed the basis for the future financial commitments expected from the developed countries - there is a big debate on the adequacy of this funding. Is the FSF of 30 bn and the Long term fund of 100 bn enough - the research on financial needs suggest not so. However, they have become the defacto quoted figures which are creeping into the UNFCCC track also - A note of caution!

  4. Notwithstanding the fact that the AGF report does not have a legal standing (neither requisitioned by COP or the UNGA) it still merits attention as it is supposed to be tabled at COP16. In this context, the AGF group seems to be moving away from the developing country concerns which are on the following lines;

    1. There needs to be an equitable allocation framework for both the funds (burden) as well as their disbursements based on the CBDR principle. This central point is still missing while we discuss sourcing the arbitrary Copenhagen pledges

    2. The geographic or sectoral (adapt/mitigation) of funds is not addressed

    3. The financing should be from sources which are "NEW and ADDITIONAL" to the existing ODA flows (or the promised ODA flows of 0.7% of GDP). This should be the criteria being used to judge the sources.

    4. The report is NOT addressing the most crucial FSF funding of $30 billion which is again an "unfulfilled" promise as the 7.5 bn promised for 2010 is still missing.
      The developing countries want the funds to be PUBLIC grant funds which can be supported by PRIVATE sector leveraging (as private funds can only be catalysed for mitigation not for adaptation)

  5. On the source proposals, the report gravitates towards certain taxes which would be universally applied (maritime tax / aviation tax / financial transaction tax). This contravenes the basic principles outlined above as it "taxes" the vulnerable to help the vulnerable while sustaining the luxurious and climate profligate lifestyles.

  6. Other taxes like the carbon taxes, subsidy removal and allowance auctions could be useful provided they remain applicable on developed countries only with the design objectives of being "lifestyle shifting taxes" - the devil, as we know, lies in the details on all of these proposals so it is important to lay out the principles of application forthrightly. For instance, allowance auctions should only be allowed if climate limits have been met (no forward sales) and it should only be on AAUs (otherwise it would act as a tax lowering the proceeds to developing countries - like the adaptation tax does).

  7. Issues on governance also need to be cognizant of . The evolving finance infrastructure should NOT replicate the MDB/GEF/WB models which is laden with political biases and historical burdens that can negatively influence financial flows to vulnerable countries.

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Three New ecbi (The European Capacity Building Initiative) Publications on Climate Finance

November, 2010

Climate Finance after Tianjin
How to reach a deal at Cancún?

This ecbi Policy Brief by Benito Müller looks at whether the progress and momentum of the LCA finance negotiations in Tianjin could be harnessed to bring about a successful outcome at Cancun, and what that would be. It envisages a decision to design an agreed voluntary reporting framework for fast start funding. A successful outcome for longer-term finance, it is suggested, would be a package of decisions to operationalise the new Global Climate Fund and the new Standing Committee on Finance, together with a decision to agree on a medium term revenue schedule for the new fund for 2012-2020

Read more

How many people does it take…
...to administer long-term climate finance?

David Ciplet, Benito Müller, and J. Timmons Roberts address the question of whether it is possible to give some estimate of how many people it would need to manage the sorts of sums currently talked about with regards to longer-term climate finance. The paper does not aim to establish a universal correlation of staff per unit of funding but simply a lower-bound estimate. It concludes that given the current funding portfolios and management activities (in ODA), it takes at least 250 people to manage $1billion. This conservative estimate simply reflects the fact that managing funds properly requires people. The key message of the paper is that the only way to do so effectively, efficiently, and at scale is to delegate as much as possible to recipient countries.

Read more

National Funding Entities
Their role in the transition to a new paradigm of global cooperation on climate change
Luis Gomez-Echeverri presents a new report on National Funding Entities (NFEs) in the lead-up to Cancun this December. National Funding Entities have sprung up in twelve countries, with more currently in the pipeline, to push forward climate change action, capture and manage funding from international and national sources, and guarantee that all actions are mainstreamed into existing development strategies. These new institutions have been built in different forms with a diverse range of objectives, funding and governance strategies; but all provide experience and lessons for countries seeking to establish their own. This Policy Report provides background information on these NFEs to inform the negotiations. It is part of a series of ecbi and OIES publications on the Reformed Finance Mechanism, most specifically on the case for devolution of funding decisions to the national level.

Read more

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Climate Change and Health: Creating Leadership

Leadership Development Programme - Cohort 15 selected

May, 2010

LEAD Pakistan

A seventeen member cohort comprising of health professionals working at middle and senior management level in the health sector of the country is selected as LEAD Pakistan’s Cohort 15 for the 2010 - 2011. The theme of the Cohort is “Climate Change and Health: Creating Leadership.” All these professionals are well reputed and renowned in the fields of community medicine and environmental health.

In Pakistan, like in other developing countries, apart from a dedicated few, health professionals have not come to the climate change debate or their participation is negligible.  Therefore LEAD Pakistan has just hired the health professionals in this cohort with a purpose to maximize the exposure of these sector specific professionals on the issues of climate change. This cohort will create a bridge between the country’s health related scientific community and its policy makers, by enabling the former with the necessary skills required to understand climate related risks to health which will in turn be made available to decision makers for sectoral adaptation plans.

Like the previous conventional cohorts, this cohort will also undergo a series of national and international sessions, undertake an action research and develop policy papers. These papers will be done in the groups instead of individuals and will in turn be published in related international and national journals. In addition to this, findings from these papers will be made available to the concerned decision makers within the Ministries of health and environment with a view that these form the essential basis for future planning regarding climate change agenda in the country. 

Read More: www.lead.org.pk/ldp

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Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN)


LEAD Pakistan

LEAD is part of a consortium for the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKNetwork) that aims to link over 60 of the world’s poorest developing countries with leading climate and development experts and services. Over the next 5 years the Network will provide services to developing country policymakers in government and civil society to help them tackle the inter-related issues of poverty and climate change. 

Services will be provided in 3 areas, research, technical assistance and advisory services and knowledge services. 

A UK government funded initiative; the CDKNetwork is part of the UK’s commitment to climate finance for developing countries. Launched in March 2010 the Network is in its inception phase. For more details, refer to the website http://www.cdkn.org/ which provides basic information on the Network.

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Capacity Development of the Scientific Community for Assessing the Health Impacts of Climate Change: Asia Pacific Network- Trainings


LEAD Pakistan

To address the yawning information gap in the area, LEAD in collaboration with the Asia Pacific Network for Global Change Research has envisioned a project that aims to strengthen the health scientists’ research capacities on health effects of climate change. With their knowledge about the effect of weather on the incidence and prevalence of diseases serving as baseline, this exercise would enhance their understanding of the risks and vulnerabilities posed by climate change to human health.

In the above context LEAD Pakistan has planned trainings in the mid of June, 2010. These trainings are aimed at increasing members’ understanding of the climate change phenomena and its impacts and dynamics, especially on human health, at the global and local levels; developing their understanding of linkages between climate change and health research; creating in them the awareness of knowledge gaps in the climate change and health research sector and building their capacity to analyse climate data in the context of health impacts and indicators.

Read More:  www.lead.org.pk/apn

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LEAD Climate Leaders Action Network (CLAN)


LEAD Pakistan

A global network of LEAD – the Climate Leaders Action Network (CLAN) - has been recently set up. The Network, being managed by LEAD Pakistan, aims to leverage the expertise and commitment of LEAD Fellows to form a network for collective climate actions. CLAN aspires to provide an active platform for sound, relevant, multi-sectoral, and crisply defined inputs.

CLAN was formally launched during the LEAD – ECI joint initiative platform in October 2009. So far 78 Fellow have joined the network. The membership will also become open to selected institutions and other networks. For further details, refer to CLAN’s website http://climate.lead.org/

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LEAD Climate Briefs

December 7-18,

LEAD Pakistan,

In view of the Conference of Parties (COP-15) in December 2009, LEAD Pakistan has published a LEAD Climate Brief on “Countdown to Copenhagen” which gives a highlight of the circumstances building up to COP-15, the position of developing counties and an overview of the global climate debate. For post conference analysis click COP-15 Copenhagen Postmortem

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LEAD Pakistan Introduces the Ecological Footprint Tool for Innovative Resource Management


LEAD Pakistan, Islamabad


In continuation of LEAD Pakistan’s effort to respond to the critical issue of climate change, LEAD Pakistan in collaboration with Asia-Pacific Forum for Environment and Development (APFED) and the United National Environment Programme (UNEP) has embarked upon a journey towards Greening Organizations to Reduce Ecological Footprints. The purpose is to initiate eco-friendly and sustainable resource conserving trends among corporations and private sector organizations in Pakistan through the Ecological Footprint (EF) assessment tool. The EF tool – developed for the first time in Pakistan using local factors - estimates the environmental and climatic consequences of business operations and helps to adopt and manage sustainable office practices. 

LEAD Pakistan intends to introduce this innovative concept of the EF tool for the first time with various stakeholders especially corporations. For this purpose, stakeholder workshops are being held in October 2009 in Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad in which the EF framework will be introduced and participants will learn how they can effectively apply and benefit from this resource management tool within their own work spaces. 

For further details, refer to the Ecological Footprint website: www.lead.org.pk/efc

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Civil Society Consultation on World Bank Climate Change Strategy for
South Asia

March 19-20, 2009

Kathmandu, Nepal


LEAD Pakistan was invited by Climate Action Network South Asia (CANSA) to participate in the regional consultation on the Climate Change Strategy for South Asia developed recently by the World Bank. The civil society consultation was held from 19-20 March 2009 and was organized with the support from Oxfam GB and Heinrich Boll Foundation (India). Ms. Hina Lotia represented LEAD Pakistan at the consultation.

Over 30 civil society organizations in South Asia from 6 countries participated in the consultation to review and draft recommendations. The initiative focused on informing the World Bank’s strategy with civil society perspectives. The meeting covered themes as outlined in the World Bank’s Draft Strategy document. The discussion during the consultative meeting revolved around 1) Strategic Priorities outlined by the World Bank in its Draft Strategy document, such as financing adaptation and mitigation; 2) Sectoral contexts and strategies including water and climate change, agriculture and rural sector and others as defined in the document; 3) and CANSA recommendations to the ‘World Bank South Asia Region Climate Change Draft Strategy’ (with a special focus on civil society.

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Paper on Corporate Response to Climate Change launched 

February 18, 2009

Karachi Press Club

LEAD Pakistan launched occasional research paper, titled Corporate Response to Climate Change in Pakistan by Dr. Harish Kumar Jeswani, at the Karachi Press Club, on February 18, 2009. Dr. Jeswani, a Research Associate from the University of Manchester, UK, is an eminent researcher with a doctorate in climate change. This paper represents one of the first researches in Pakistan on corporate response to climate change. The paper also recommends several measures to encourage more proactive responses from companies in Pakistan.

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2nd National Training Session: Climate Change-Exploring Adaptation Strategies for Pakistan (Cohort 13)

January 12 – 16, 2009

LEAD Pakistan, Islamabad

LEAD Pakistan organized a five day training for the mid career professionals on the theme of Climate Change: Exploring Adaptation Strategies for Pakistan. The training was scheduled from January 12th – 16th, 2009 at LEAD House, Islamabad. This training was a part of the Leadership Development Programme for Cohort 13. 

The training revolved around the overall objective of considering strategies for adapting to climate change, in particular to water, agriculture, and infrastructure sectors in Pakistan. The session also summarized the key internal interests that need to be considered in the formulation of major national policies related to climate change and the external negotiating position of Pakistan.

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Megacities and Climate Change – “Sustainable Cities in a Changing World” 

November 16-22, 2008


To discuss the impact of increased urbanization on our environment and challenges of ever increasing Climate Change, LEAD International organized an International Session on Megacities and Climate Change, at Mexico City from November 16-22, 2008.

The International Session aimed to spearhead a debate on the role of leadership in addressing the direct and indirect problems of climate change in megacities. Placing the debate in the context of the world’s third – largest megacity, Mexico City, the session focused on exploring the opportunities and challenges presented under the following key issues of: Water and Sanitation, Energy production and consumption, Land Use and Urban Development, and Urban Transport and Mobility. 

More than 150 LEADER’s (Associates, Cohort 13 and Fellows) from all 14 member programmes, participated in the seven day, training programme. Through presentations, interactive panel discussions, dialogues and site visits, participants were provided the opportunity to better understand the aforementioned four core issues, placing them in a local dimension while also considering the broader picture, of how these issues impact at a global level and interact with cross cutting themes, like governance. The Minister for the local government and rural development, and other renowned professionals talked through the various sessions as faculty and speakers.

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MoU signed between LEAD Pakistan and Global Change Impact Studies Centre

October 28, 2008

Islamabad, Pakistan

LEAD Pakistan and the Global Change Impact Studies Centre (GCISC) signed a MoU on October 28, 2008 to formally extend institutional support to each other for furthering the Climate Change agenda. According to terms of agreement both organizations pledged to share strategic benefits of research and capacity building for supporting a range of climate change initiatives undertaken by both partners.  

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Ecological Footprinting Technology in Pakistan

As part of its Corporate Greening mission, LEAD Pakistan is set to pilot the project “Climate Change Mitigation: Greening Organizations to Reduce Ecological Footprints”. The project intends to adopt scientific and evidence based approaches for raising awareness of climate change and sustainable development among the target audience and will introduce the innovative Ecological Footprinting (EF) technology in Pakistan. The EF calculator developed by the project will be promoted among target organizations in Pakistan as a consumption planning tool and will guide decision makers on reducing the ecological impacts of their work related activities. Information of applying and utilizing the technology will be provided to selected organizations through training workshops, documentaries and case studies. 

The project is co-sponsored by the APFED Showcase Program, 2008

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The Planning Commission Task Force on Climate Change

October 14, 2008

Islamabad, Pakistan

Mr. Ali Tauqeer Sheikh (National Program Director, LEAD Pakistan) has been selected as a member of the task force established by The Planning Commission to address the challenges related to the phenomenon of climate change. The task force comprises prominent scholars, renowned scientists and managers, having vast experience in dealing with the subject. Science and Technology Adviser/Minister of State Planning Commission Dr Ishfaq Ahmad, a prominent scholar and a highly reputed scientist would chair the task force. It would be co-chaired by former chairman of WAPDA Shamsul Mulk, who is considered an authority on Pakistan’s water resources.

The task force will comprehend the scope of impact due to the climate change to Pakistan’s economy and devise guidelines for mitigation and adaptation to cope with the challenges. Besides, it will evaluate institutional weaknesses and suggest measures for strengthening the capacity of relevant institutions in addition to promoting programme for advocacy and awareness.

Mr. Sheikh, will represent the civil society on this forum and will contribute based on the experience that it has gained in the area of Climate Change. LEAD Pakistan is well poised to advise the task force as they have policy advice structure in place, that are An Advisory Board consisting of eminent experts, the National Network on Climate Change (NNCC) and the Knowledge Network on Climate Change (KNCC), for furthering the climate change agenda and promoting knowledge exchange and communication among diverse actors. 

Ambassador Shafqat Kakakhel, former United Nations Environment Programme deputy executive director, who has vast international experience at policy level and is well versed with the challenges and opportunities associated with climate change in Pakistan’s context, is also a member of the task force. The other members include Environment Secretary Khushnood Ahmed Lashari, WAPDA Chairman Shakeel Ahmed Durrani, Pakistan Meteorological Department Director General Dr Qamar-uz-Zaman and Global Change Impact Study Centre Executive Director Dr Arshad M Khan.




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ASEM Seminar on Adaptation to Climate Change

October 02-03, 2008

Tokyo, Japan


As a result of our credible work related to Climate Change, LEAD Pakistan was invited to attend the seminar under the auspices of the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) on Adaptation to Climate Change. Ms. Dina Khan represented LEAD Pakistan at the seminar jointly organized by the European Commission and the Government of Japan, held on October 2008 in Tokyo, Japan. 

This forum was an opportunity for participating countries and organizations to showcase policy and research developments, as well as future plans to address the issue of Adaptation.  Ms. Dina Khan presented LEAD Pakistan's work in a presentation. The Chair's conclusions will feed into the ASEM Summit, to be held in Beijing in late October. Further event information can be found at: http://www.aseminfoboard.org/Calendar/Activities/?id=243

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2008 Asia – Pacific Leadership Programme On Environment for Sustainable Development

September 15-20, 2008

Tongji University, Shanghai, China


Our colleague from LEAD Pakistan, Isma Sana from training unit shares reflections from her recent visit to China, as she participated in 2008 Asia – Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment for Sustainable Development, held from 15th to 20th September in Tongji Institute of Environment for Sustainable Development, Shanghai, China.
The Asia Pacific Leadership Programme aims to improve the overall thinking and decision making abilities of young and emerging leaders working with government organizations, NGOs and private enterprises in the Asia - Pacific Region, direct and guide them to take into account the balance between environment and sustainable development in decision making and foster their insight, enabling them to coordinate factors of human, environment and sustainable development, while dealing with complex rather demanding practical problems.

Read more about the reflections, experiences and international exposure

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MoU signed between LEAD Pakistan and Pakistan Meteorological Department

July 08, 2008

Islamabad, Pakistan


An MoU was signed between LEAD Pakistan and PMD with the intention to promote collaboration and coordination on a broad range of climate change activities. The agreement states that: 

PMD and LEAD wish to support each other in their work and provide strategic benefits of research, management, training, and development programs on Climate Change.

  1. PMD agrees to collaborate with LEAD in utilizing knowledge and expertise for designing and implementing development activities that can be effective in the field of Climate Change. PMD and LEAD will work together, in a mutually beneficial arrangement to advance the use of said expertise and knowledge. This MOU may be amended, modified and/or extended only by mutual consent and in writing from both of the Parties hereto.

  2. LEAD agrees to work with PMD to identify and establish relationships which, mobilize, capacitate and provide training to communities and stakeholders at various levels to effectively work on the identified climate change issues and to provide services tailored to their needs.

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